Chronic Kidney Disease | Causes | Symptoms | Stages and Prevention

Chronic kidney disease is a condition in which the kidneys are damaged and they cannot able to filter the blood as well as healthy kidneys. Because of this waste of blood remains in the body and causes many health problems like nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis. In this article, I’ll tell you about the Chronic Kidney Disease, Causes, Symptoms, Stages and Remedy.

Chronic Kidney Disease

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

Symptoms of the chronic kidney disease develop over time and become worse. Here is the list of signs and symptoms of chronic kidney disease:

  • Facing difficulty in sleeping
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Decreased mental sharpness
  • Persistent itching
  • Shortness of breath
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • Swelling of feet and ankles
  • Muscle cramps and twitches
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue

Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic kidney disease occurs when a disease or condition impairs kidney function, causing kidney damage to worsen over several months or years. Here are some factors that that may increase your risk of chronic kidney disease include:

  • Diabetes
  • Being African-American, Native American or Asian-American
  • The family history of kidney disease
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) disease
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Abnormal kidney structure
  • Older age

Chronic Kidney Disease Stages

Chronic kidney disease has stage 1, stage 2, stage 3, stage 4 and stage 5. Details of these stages are given below:

When to see a doctor? 

Visit your doctor’s clinic if you have any sign or symptoms of kidney disease. Your doctor can also do certain tests like urine and blood tests.

Chronic Kidney Disease Prevention

  • Maintain your healthy body weight. If you’re body weight at a healthy weight, then try to maintain it by involving more in physical activities.
  • Don’t smoke: If you love to smoke a cigarette then you should stop doing this. Cigarette smoking can damage your kidneys and make existing kidney damage worse.
  • While using nonprescription pain relievers, such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen, follow the instructions on the package before taking them. Taking the excess amount of these pain relievers can damage your kidney and generally, they should be ignored in case of kidney disease.

Diet and Kidney disease

  • Cauliflower is a nutritious vegetable that’s a good source of many nutrients, including vitamin C, vitamin K, and the B vitamin folate.
  • Blueberries are packed with nutrients and one of the best sources of antioxidants you can eat.
  • Sea bass is a high quality protein that contains incredibly healthy fats called omega-3s.
  • Red grapes are not only delicious but also deliver a ton of nutrition in a small package. Additionally, red grapes are high in resveratrol, a type of flavonoid that has been shown to benefit heart health and protect against diabetes and cognitive decline
  • Egg whites provide a high quality, kidney-friendly source of protein. Although egg yolks are very nutritious, they contain high amounts of phosphorus, making egg whites a better choice for people following a renal diet.
  • People with kidney problems are advised to limit the amount of sodium in their diet, including added salt. Garlic provides a delicious alternative to salt, adding flavor to dishes while providing nutritional benefits. It’s a good source of manganese, vitamin C, and vitamin B6 and contains sulfur compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties.
  • Many whole grains tend to be high in phosphorus, but buckwheat is a healthy exception. Buckwheat is highly nutritious, providing a good amount of B vitamins, magnesium, iron, and fiber. It’s also a gluten-free grain, making buckwheat a good choice for people with celiac disease or gluten intolerance.
  • Olive oil is a healthy source of fat and phosphorus-free, making it a great option for people with kidney disease. Frequently, people with advanced kidney disease have trouble keeping weight on, making healthy, high calorie foods like olive oil important.

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